Microphone Types: Pros and Cons of Different Styles
Microphones are an essential part of any recording studio. There are many different types that you can choose from when looking for the right mic to fit your specific needs.
Condenser Microphones: These microphones have a wider frequency response than other kinds of mics, which means they can pick up more frequencies with greater accuracy. They also require phantom power because they operate by using electricity to make an alternating current flow through its diaphragm, which is then converted into sound waves in front of its pickup pattern or capsule as a result. This type is best suited for vocals and acoustic instruments because they give off a natural sound.
Pros: natural-sounding, wide frequency response, and accurate pickup pattern.
Cons: require phantom power to operate; can be expensive because of the quality in which they make recordings.
Ribbon microphones on the other hand use thin wires or ribbons suspended in front of a magnetic coil, and they are most often used for recording vocals because the sound quality is very natural. They also require phantom power to operate.
Pros: natural-sounding recordings; accurate pick-up pattern which makes it best suited for close miking.
Cons: they require phantom power also.
Other types of microphones are dynamic mics which are best suited for electric guitars because they can handle high sound pressure levels. They also require phantom power to operate, but their cons include a low-frequency response and poor on-axis rejection.
If you are not sure which type of microphone is best suited for your recording needs, the Rode NT-USB Condenser Microphone is a great starting point because it will do well in most environments.
AudioTrove Australia will give you the best advice on how to choose the best microphone for your needs.
AudioTrove Australia is a leading provider of professional audio equipment and services for musicians, bands, sound engineers, DJ’s and broadcasters in Sydney.